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US Venture Capital Fundraising Reaches Six-Year Low
2023 sees US venture capital fundraising plummet to a six-year low, impacting startups and investors alike.
In 2023, US venture capital firms experienced a significant downturn in fundraising, marking a six-year low. This decline has sent ripples of concern through the start-up ecosystem, particularly for businesses that depend on this funding for growth and survival.
Decline In Venture Capital Funding
The total amount raised by US venture capitalists in 2023 was $67 billion, a stark contrast to the $173 billion raised in 2022. This 60% decrease is the most substantial annual drop since 2017. The decline is not limited to the US; globally, venture investors raised the lowest level of capital since 2015. This reduction in funding places increased pressure on start-ups, especially those who are already grappling with the challenges of a funding drought over the last 18 months. Venture capitalists have become more cautious, hesitating to invest additional funds into businesses they previously supported, particularly as private tech valuations decline.
Challenges In Raising And Deploying Funds
Venture capitalists face difficulties in raising new funds, as limited partners like pension funds, insurers, and university endowments are pulling back due to rising interest rates. High-profile venture investors, including Insight Partners and Tiger Global, have had to lower their fundraising targets. Consequently, the amount of fresh capital available to US VCs for investment has decreased significantly. In 2022, they invested a total of $171 billion, less than half the amount spent in 2021. Additionally, a slowdown in start-up exits, such as IPOs or acquisitions, has hampered VCs' ability to return capital to their backers. The value generated by start-up exits in the US in 2022 was just $61.5 billion, a sharp decline from the $797 billion peak in 2021.
Impact On Start-ups And Future Outlook
The downturn in venture capital funding is intensifying pressure on start-ups, particularly those that have been rapidly depleting cash reserves raised in the previous years. Founders and existing investors are increasingly likely to accept less favorable terms for new funding. This trend is also leading venture capitalists to abandon underperforming start-ups, marking a shift from the previous strategy of internal bridging. As valuations adjust to more realistic levels, it is expected that deal volumes will rise, and those with substantial capital reserves will hold a significant advantage in the market. Despite the challenging conditions, some firms with large funds accumulated during the boom years of 2021 and 2022 are poised to capitalize on the changing landscape.
The 2023 downturn in US venture capital fundraising reflects broader shifts in the economic landscape, affecting both investors and start-ups. While the immediate outlook appears challenging, the recalibration of valuations and the presence of well-capitalized firms suggest a potential resurgence in deal activity as the market adjusts to these new realities.
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